There’s no feeling quite like looking around a room you just completed a tile project in and feeling the satisfaction of a job well done as you admire your beautiful newly installed tiles.
Thin-set mortar is used to adhere tiles to surfaces, including walls, backsplashes, countertops, and floors. While it’s important for the thin-set to dry before moving on to grouting, waiting can feel like it takes ages. How long does it take to proceed to the next step of your project?
Here’s everything you need to know.
How Long Does Thin-Set Need To Cure?
If you’re working on a project to freshen up your home with beautiful new tiles, you may have heard of thin-set mortar.
Thin-set mortar is an adhesive used for construction and tile installation. There are different types of thin-set, and it’s essential to ensure it’s dried and cured completely before moving on to the next step of the process.
The drying time of thin-set will depend on a few factors, including how it was mixed, how much you put down prior to tiling, temperature, and humidity.
As a general rule, you should give it a minimum of 24 hours before proceeding to grout your tiles, but it could take as long as 48 hours to dry completely. Even then, there’s no harm in waiting a bit longer to ensure everything has dried and cured completely.
You might see that your thin-set looks dry around the edges or where it shows through grout lines. Don’t be fooled! Those portions receive more air, while the thin-set beneath your tile isn’t getting that same amount and may not be fully cured.
As factors like temperature, air circulation, amount of mortar applied, and more can increase the drying time, it can take up to 48 hours for your thin-set to completely dry. You could even give it longer to ensure it’s fully dried and cured.
We always recommend adhering to the drying time indications from the thin-set manufacturers.
How Do You Know When It’s Dry?
As if knocking on a door, do a knock test on your tiles. If it produces a solid sound, your thin-set is likely dry. If you hear a hollow sound, the drying process isn’t yet complete.
If you hear a solid sound and 24 hours still haven’t passed, wait until it’s had a minimum of 24 hours to dry. Once your thin-set has fully dried, you can grout your tiles and complete the project.
4 Factors Affecting Thin-Set Drying Time
Here are a few factors that can impact how long it takes for your thin-set to dry.
1. Environmental Conditions
Air circulation, humidity, and temperature can all play a role in impacting how long it takes for your thin-set mortar to dry satisfactorily.
2. Substrate Type
The surface you’re adhering the tiles to can also influence the drying time of your thin-set. More porous surfaces such as plywood or concrete can absorb moisture from your thin-set faster, leading to a quicker dry time.
3. Tile Material and Thickness
Denser and thicker tiles may lead to a longer dry time, caused by the thin-set mortar having a harder time releasing moisture through your tile. Likewise, tiles with a reduced moisture absorption property, such as glass or porcelain tiles, could cause longer drying times.
It’s recommended to refer to the tile manufacturer’s recommendations and guidelines when selecting thin-set mortar and consult proper installation methods for your specific tiles.
4. Thin-Set Thickness and Consistency
Your thin-set mortar’s consistency and its thickness to your substrate can directly influence how long it takes to dry. As you might expect, a thicker layer could take longer to dry due to the greater amount of moisture needing to evaporate. For best results, follow manufacturer guidelines to achieve the proper thickness and consistency.
How Soon Can You Walk On Tile After Thin-Set?
Ensure your thin-set mortar has properly cured before walking on the tile. Likewise, allow a minimum curing time of 24 hours before walking on your tile. Doing so gives the thin-set a chance to start to set up and gain strength.
It could take even longer than 24 hours, depending on factors like humidity, temperature, type of thin-set, and tile type. It may take 24 hours or longer to walk on your tiles.
What Happens if You Walk On It Too Soon?
Your tile might appear secure and stable a few hours after you’ve laid it, but walking on it without allowing ample time first can result in sinking or shifting, which may compromise the bond between the substrate and your tile.
You may see that your thin-set is relatively hard only 12 hours after laying it. While this is a good sign that your mortar is curing, it’s still best to wait at least 24 hours before walking on it - and possibly 48 hours or longer.
How Do You Make Thin-Set Dry Faster?
If you’re in a hurry, consider using a rapid-setting thin-set. This product significantly speeds up the drying time.
Other options to speed up the process include:
- Enhancing Air Circulation: One way to do this is by opening doors and windows to improve ventilation. Doing so can also reduce the risks of inhaling fumes from the thin-set or other substances.
- Control Temperature and Humidity: Thin-set will dry faster in warmer temperatures, but you don’t want it to be too hot, as if the product dries too quickly, this can lead to issues like cracking. Aim for a temperature around 70F. You can also use a dehumidifier, as increased humidity levels can slow drying.
Avoid rushing your thin-set’s drying process when possible, as thin-set mortar is designed to cure in a specific time. You might be compromising the integrity of your installation by rushing things, resulting in problems later down the line.
You should especially avoid rushing when using large-format tiles, installing tiles in heavy-traffic areas, or setting your tiles on a vertical surface.
Looking for the Perfect Cement Tiles? Shop LiLi Tile!
As you can see, allowing your thin-set plenty of time to dry and cure is essential. While it can feel long, patience is key - and it’s well worth it to know that you’ve done your tiling project correctly.
Ready to shop for tiles for your next home improvement project? Browse our selection at LiLi Tile today!